Demand for Gorkhaland: What Is It and Why?

By Manoj Giri

[The author, a teacher in Kurseong, is Vice President of Humanists’ Association]

 

The basic point about Gorkhaland is IDENTITY and NOT DEVELOPMENT.

You should be very clear at the outset, that bringing in the talk of DEVELOPMENT in the way of IDENTITY is to DEVIATE from the core issue and to OVERSIMPLIFY and GENERALIZE the issues that the Gorkhas are trying to place before the nation.

Mixing up development and Identity is a conspiracy of the Ruling class to fool the people, resulting in more intensification of existing crisis.We rationalists should not take the faulty logic of the ruling clique and get trapped in rigmaroles.

Nevertheless, development or the lack of it is one reason for people’s rebellion.And most people who do not support the cause of Gorkhaland are now talking about non development in Darjeeling. Is it that all other places are highly developed except for Darjeeling?

But I wonder what development has there been in Kolkata except for adding the lesser used Vidhyasagar Setu to the colonial legacy. What development has there been to other parts of Bengal after the British left?And why is it that there is no demand for a separate state in Birbhum, Purulia, Bakura and Salboni etc., if it was just due to non development?

And that development is not the panacea for identity movements has been proved beyond doubt in Tibet where large scale development by the Chinese could not undermine the peoples’ aspiration for self respect and self esteem.

And the Indian Independence movement was, at least, not due to the lack of development.

Thus it is futile to prove that lack of development in the Gorkhaland area, is the cause of this movement. Proving it is the work of the conventional intellectuals and the cunning politicians.

Therefore, my request to you is that please do not bring in the issue of non development to the cause of identity and unknowingly confuse the whole movement for the emancipation of the Gorkhas.

Let me give you some core issues that the movement has put forward:

1)      Around 1780, the Gorkhas invade Sikkim and capture most part of it which includes Darjeeling with Siliguri. They administer it for 35 years when finally after the British-Nepal war,  Nepal cecedes its territory to the British in the treaty of Segoulee in 1816.

The ceded territory includes Darjeeling, Siliguri, the entire terai, Simla, Nainital, Garwhal hills, Kumaon upto the Sutlej., i.e., the entire region from Teesta to Sutlej.

Again, Darjeeling was handed over by the British to Sikkim but was later taken  back by the former for political reasons in 1835.The CPIM intellectuals and anti Gorkhaland intelligentsia talk only about 1835 but not 1780. I am sure that history does not begin only from 1835. What was prior to that??

2)      Lepchas were nomadic tribes and were engaged in zoom (shifting ) cultivation. They used to hang around the hills from one region to another. Sometimes they were in Nepal and sometimes in Sikkim.

That the Lepchas are the original inhabitants (they of course are, along with other tribes of this region) of this place is based on the account of one Capt. Lloyd, who wrote in his account that there were some 100 Lepcha huts in Darjeeling at the time. It is only that when he visited Darjeeling, those Lepchas just happened to be there. Had he ventured around, he would have surely met some other tribes of the region. It could have been any other tribe; Limbus, Magars, Rais etc who ran around these regions as it was their land. All these tribes belong to the Gorkha community. One thing should be kept in mind that Lloyd was not a trained historian but only a traveler.

These 100 Lepcha huts have now become a buzz word of the CPIM intellectuals to prove that the Gorkhas are foreigners here. They do not want to discuss other historical and anthropological contentions, which go in favor of the Gorkhas.

3)      When the British started tea cultivation in 1865 and the narrow gauge railway line in Darjeeling, a lot of people came here and started residing permanently. One should keep in mind that –

a)  these people did not have the modern concept of international borders,

b) they understood that the land was under the possession of their king and  when they came to work under  British enterprise as laborers ,they thought they were actually following  the orders of the Gorkha King and,

c)  they always understood that they were in their own land.

4)      When these events were happening, India, as we know today, was still not formed and all these people were British subjects, be it a Gorkha or a Bengali.

5)      But after 1947, India entered into an infamous treaty with Nepal in 1950- The Treaty of Peace and Friendship. The Article 7 of this Treaty reads: “The Government of India and Nepal agree to grant on a reciprocal basis to the national of one country in the territory of another the same privileges in the matter of residence, ownership of properties, participation in trade and commerce, movement and other privileges of similar nature”.

This treaty ambiguates the citizenship of the Indian Gorkhas, and it led to the loss of their Indian Identity.  It makes a Gorkha’s Indian citizenship a reciprocal one.

 

The present Gorkhaland movement is a search and a fight for this lost IDENTITY.

Only a separate STATE can give them this IDENTITY and nothing less.

(You can imagine what will happen to the citizenship of millions of Indian Bengalese if the Govt. of India and the Govt. of Bangladesh enters into such kind of a treaty with Art 7 intact). Rulers do not ask their subjects when they enter into treaties.  

So now it must be very clear that The Gorkhaland Movement is neither a fight against Bengal nor is it hatred against Bengalese. Once the STATE OF GORKHALAND is formed, no other INDIAN can call the GORKHA a FOREIGNER. The IDENTITY of the Gorkhas as Indians will become secured.

Therefore the Agenda of the Gorkhaland movement is only IDENTITY and not DEVELOPMENT.

 In that sense this movement is different from other movements for separate states. Telengana, Vidharb, Bundelkhand etc are a case for DEVELOPMENT, but Gorkhaland is a case for IDENTITY.

                                          #                            #                           #

 However I give you some cases of non development:

#     When the British left there were 180 tea estates in Darjeeling, now only 82 are left including some which are closed.

#      In North Bengal there is presently 18 tea gardens locked -out and in these some 30 thousand workers are jobless.

#      The wage of a labour in Darjeeling Dooars is the lowest in the country.

 

Tamilnadu                         Rs.101/-,

Kerala                                Rs. 92/-,

Karnataka                          Rs. 92.85/-

Darjeeling- Dooars            Rs.68.70/-

(These are inclusive of fuel and rations of poorest standards).

It is below the minimum wage of Rs.100/- .

 

#        The Government run Cinchona Plantations which employs thousands of people is on the verge of extinction, there is heavy corruption, and the authorities are conspiring to sell it to Hindustan Lever Group.

#       During the British Rule five to six mail and passengers trains used to go up and down Darjeeling – New Jalpaiguri, and the whole night goods trains used to run in the narrow gauge line. But now there is only one train with 3 compartments that runs between the two stations. 

#       Almost all the ropeways constructed by the British, an easy way of transport and employment, which carried goods to far flung areas are now defunct.

#       Malbazar- Mateley- Dooars was part of Darjeeling Parliamentary constituency, it was cut away and Islampur Chopra with no Gorkha population was attached to this constituency. This was done by B C Roy. His intention was criminal as the Gorkhas could not send an MP on their own, they had to depend on the Bengalese Ruling class’s whims and politics which always was detrimental to the interests of the Gorkhas.

#        Drinking water problem is world famous.

#          Although many departments were given to DGHC, it had no recruitment powers, which led to the unemployment of the educated individuals.  These are now the die-hard participants of the movement.  There was not even a single appointment in the hills in the last 20 years.      

#          Roads are always horrible.

These are some of the things which, I as a rationalist have been able to make some sensible people understand.

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132 Responses to “Demand for Gorkhaland: What Is It and Why?”

  1. lila moktan 26 August 2013 at 5:58 PM #

    @lala, Do u think dat sacrifices made by people are just a means to achieve statehood? Here an Indian doesnt undrstnd an indian …wat can i expect frm u? U are an outsider u know nothing about us Our hurt sentiments are within us and its a disgrace nobody cud undrstand it..and wil evn try to…remember 107 years is nt a matter of joke..why do these bengalese keep on teling us dat we belong to china.? Are we chinese ? Go back in time turn d pages of history nd u wil know who actualy wer we! Is it dat we are demanding a seperate country ? We are demanding Gorkhaland becoz it is our birth right and we shal hav it no matter wateva may be the consequences! u think we should prefer to live up our life from the we are born til the doom’s day under the discrimination of bengal ! Is dat to be an example of equality ?

  2. Akash thulung 27 August 2013 at 12:09 AM #

    What is difference between classification and division.. U dikmanji?..u know hindi..? What u call these two words tell me but without looking in dictionary ,book or web search..

  3. lalla 27 August 2013 at 2:48 AM #

    Lila, I hear your hurt and passion on this issue, and thank you for replying. But I still do not have any rational answer to the questions I asked. Regarding your first question – I do not know, please clarify. Regarding your second question: I am taking the time and effort to find out, rather than ignore tis cause, rather than presume – so why do you answer my questions with more questions – and regarding your expectations of me, I have absolutely no idea why you would even have any. Yes, I am an outsider, with questions, that only you are bothering to answer, so thank you, but your answers are not logical or rational. I am making intelligent, unbiased, enquiries, and they are worth something on that grounds alone. Can you explain ‘birthright’, which, along with previous comments made about ‘dying’ leave me confused. HOW are your people ‘living under discrimination of Bengal’ any differently to other peoples in the region – please refer to my previous questions. NOBODY seems to be actually explaining this issue with clarity and rationality, just lots of passionate rhetoric and interesting facts about ethnic histories and incursions. I seem to be wasting my time.

  4. Dikman 27 August 2013 at 6:25 AM #

    Chronological classification of Gorkhas:
    ****************************************

    (1) Until 1736: Only Khas people were Gorkhas.
    (2) After 1736: Not only Khas people but Gurungs and Magars became Gorkhas.
    (2) After 1769: Not only Khas, Gurungs and Magars, but Newars also became Gorkhas.
    (3) After 1774: Not only Khas, Gurungs, Magars, Newars but Kirati and other Tibetan-descent ethnic groups also became Gorkhas.
    (4) In 1800s: Mercenary hill men, i.e., Professional Gorkha soldiers, called Lahure in Nepali language, chiefly Gurung and Magars, employed by Ranjit Singh of Lahore (form where the word Lahure originated) during the unification of Punjab.
    (5) After 1816: Gurkhas, i.e., Professional Gorkha soldiers recruited by British East India Company.
    (6) After 1943: All, Indian non-Khas, i.e., Mongoloids (except Lepchas and Bhutias) are firmly considered as Gorkhas.
    (7) In 1947: Gurkhas divided into Birtish Gurkhas and Indian Gorkhas (soldiers).

    Existence of Fake Gorkhas:
    **********************
    Those Kiranti and others who the Gorkhas could not capture as they escaped deep into the present-day West and North Sikkim, following the death penalty to them because of their two resistive wars against Gorkhas (1768-1772) and (1771-1774), and later associating with the Bhutia soldiers fought the Gorkha-Sikkim War (1775-1776), are not Gorkhas. If they claim to be Gorkha then they are Fake Gorkhas because they never became Gokhali as they were never captured by Gorkhas. As a blatant example, those Tibetans who escaped from Tibet are just Tibetan (not Chinese or Tibetan-Chinese), but who remained in Tibet are Chinese-Tibetan or Chinese (citizen). The escaped Kiranti people from the present-day Nepal remained Kiranti and they cannot claim Gorkha, except, those who might have served or serving in Gorkha Regiments. One cannot simply slip the “existence of Fake Gorkhas” in oblivion.

    Gorkha, as such is a name of place/district (not an ethnicity of any hill people) in Nepal, from where Gorkha Kingdom during Shah Dynasty expanded, up to Teesta in the East (some parts of Kalimpong as well, for 7 months, before burning down the Rangkenpong fort following the black cobra incident which only Lepchas know).

    How far we need to go back to our history to claim that we are Gorkhas? Have our leaders defined this? Are they aware of our own history in gory details? The history of Darjeeling hill people starts from 1774. Every Darjeeling hill people should know this. Without knowing the past history we cannot rewrite out future history.

    Note: There is no feeling of Gorkha in Nepal and Sikkim, except among those who re-migrated from Darjeeling and Kalimpong.

    References:
    ***********
    1. Kirat History and Culture, Iman Singh Chemjong (1967).

    2. Bravest of the Brave, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 25, 571-597 (1991).

    3. The Gurkha Connection, P. Banskota (1994).

    4. Forgetting and remembering Britain’s Gurkha War, J. Pemble, Assian Affairs, Vol. XL, 361-376 (2009).

    5. Gorkhaland Movement in West Bengal, T. B. Subba, Chapter 12 (2010).

    6. British Gurkha Recuitment, S. Gurung, Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, Vo. 5, 143-170 (2011).

  5. Dikman 27 August 2013 at 6:40 AM #

    (1) Better to die than live a coward, Gurkha’s motto.
    (2) The toughness of Gurkha skulls is legendary, Byron Farwell.
    (3) The Gurkha is an extremely professional soldier, Captain Woody Boyd.
    (4) Gurkha is an honorable, ancestral profession to male. Ex-Gurkha soldier.
    (5) The Gurkhas are the ultimate professional soldiers, Major Gordon Corrigan.
    (6) If you value your life, do not piss off a Gurkha soldier, Daily Mail, UK (June 3, 2011).
    (7) If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or is a Gurkha, Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw.
    (8) The Gurkhas are the most professional army in existence today, The Age Magazine, Australia (Dec 21, 1966).
    (9) The Gurkhas are fearsome in battle and professional by nature, Kent Reporter, Chris Price, UK (March 03, 2009).

    Q: Why the designation “Gorkha” was never given to the battalions that British recruited, and still recruiting, since 1816?

    Answering such a difficult question requires classification of Gorkhas (not division). See page 374, second paragraph, in Forgetting and Remembering Britains’s Gurkha War by J. Pemble, with an exceptional typo “nor behaved as Gurkhas” to be read as “nor behaved as Gorkhas”. And, see page 584, second paragraph, Bravest of the Brave by L. Caplan.

  6. sudesh kc 27 August 2013 at 6:51 PM #

    I think this dikman or what has gone overboard. what does he thinks he is so smart? baleko aago baliraheko cha aba k tyo manche le onlin ma lekhdai ma andolan rokincha? ma tada ktm ma chu ra matrai? natra ma jyan dina pani tayar chu gorkhaland ko lagi. ra pariayo vane darjeling nai aaera andolan ma sahavagi hunchu.

  7. sudesh kc 27 August 2013 at 6:52 PM #

    I think this dikman or what has gone overboard. what does he thinks he is so smart? baleko aago baliraheko cha aba k tyo manche le onlin ma lekhdai ma andolan rokincha? kaag karaudai garcha pina sukdai garcha

  8. Lalla 27 August 2013 at 8:08 PM #

    Dikman, your knowledge is broad. But what is the conclusion of it? Are you saying that one sort of people are superior because they have ‘authenticity’ ? Arent all peoples rights basic the same, aren’t all cultures essentially equal in their differences? Is this whole concept of Gorkhaland racist? Or not?

  9. bheem 28 August 2013 at 12:32 AM #

    Nobody in India thinks people of Darjeeling are inferior or bad, except these lunatics want to stir up trouble and try to discriminate between bengalis and gorkhas. I have lived in many cities in India where i had neighbours from all parts of the country. Never ever I saw anybody looking down on hill people or try to discriminate.

    There is strong evidence that nepali maoists and chinese pla are sponsoring an creating trouble.

    Therefore if you call yourselves Indian and worth your salt – work hard and build a Darjeling that will make India proud instead of stirring up racism and destroying the future of your children, darjiling and India.

  10. #darj 29 August 2013 at 1:01 AM #

    @ DIKMAN – helo! in all your previous posts you have stated that one can claim to be a Gorkha only if he/she belongs to so called ‘Khas Jat’ or if he is serving in the Indian Gorkha Regiment. However your recent post on Classification of Gorkhas dated 27 Aug seems to contradicts this very theory. So do you now consider all ppl of Darjeeling barring the Lepchas and Bhutia to be Gorkhas? Please advise.

  11. stranger 1 September 2013 at 7:11 AM #

    Hey ! Gorkhalanders, would u like to join ne india, if statehood is Granted???????? Like skkim did? ???

  12. Darjeeling 5 September 2013 at 1:02 PM #

    There is no community called Gorkhas. It is a fictitious creation by the Nepalese who have been allowed to live and work in India as per a treaty with Nepal. Today 12 million i.e. almost half the population of Nepal is in India. It is these people who are behind Gorkhaland.
    Before 1950, not even a single Nepali in Darjeeling was considered an Indian citizen as the British considered them foreign contract laborers. No different than Indian workers in Dubai. It is only after 1950 treaty with Nepal that Nepalese living prior to 1945 in Darjeeling were given Indian citizenship and the rest were allowed to live in India while remaining citizens of Nepal.In 1950 the population of Darjeeling was very sparse.Today it’s in millions. Therefore majority of Nepalese in Darjeeling are citizens of Nepal or immigrants from Nepal.
    How can people who are either citizens of a foreign country or immigrants demand a separate state in India?
    The “identity” of Nepalese aka Gorkhas is very well established in 1950 Indo Nepal treaty. It is also false when they claim that Gorkhas don’t have a state of their own.
    Sikkim which used to be an independent country till 1975 is almost 90% Nepalese.When the king of Sikkim wanted to evict illegal Nepali immigrants, these people whose numbers far exceeded that of Sikkimese, invited India to annex that country against the wishes of the King of Sikkim. In other words annexation of Sikkim is illegal and done at the behest of illegal Nepali immigrants of Sikkim.
    These very same Nepalese tried to do a Gorkhaland in Bhutan for which the Govt of Bhutan evicted large number of illegal Nepali immigrants in 1990s. These refugees from Bhutan settled in North Bengal and are today demanding that entire North Bengal be included in Gorkhaland.
    Nepalese are predatory, violent, treacherous and parasitic people. They will look at charity as their birth right. It is time to check their citizenship and deport those involved in illegal Gorkhaland in India. If they can’t integrate with us they can then go back to Nepal.

  13. Bheem 9 September 2013 at 11:54 AM #

    You have hit the nail on its head. Thank you. It is high time the govt. of India take strict action against the persons inciting this illegal movement and taking Darjeeling back to dark ages.
    They are destabilizing the north east and should be charged with treason against the state of India.

  14. Uttam B. Khatri, Silver Spring, MD. USA 22 September 2013 at 1:47 AM #

    MOst of proposed Gorkhaland was the territory of Nepal. After Nepali Army’s set back during Anglo Nepal war of 1814-1816 on the western front of Kumau,Gudwal,Deradun etc, British Colonialist decietfully started occupying Nepali land from Kangada in the West to Tista River in the East and vast territories of flat land north of Ganga and Jamuna rivers. There was no dispute for territory with the British in the eastern front. However, Darjeeling and proposed Gorkhaland was illegally merged into India by the Colonialist after 1816.

    The Gorkhas, who are people of Nepali origin have been living on those land for more than 200 years, well before new India was created by the British before they left. The majorities of todays more than 11 million Gorkhas are sons and daughters were born in those land which is appropriately called Gorkhaland. The formation of Gorkhaland State is the birth right of the Gorkhas. To deny this right to Gorkhas is discrimination, it is shameful and it is mockery of Democracy in India.

    Nepalis living any where in the world must whole heartedly support the demand for Gorkhaland. Long live Gorkhaland.

  15. mukhia 23 September 2013 at 8:45 PM #

    Gorkhas never crossed the boarder but the boarder crossed Gorkhas. We are Indian and we need identity , after idntity we develop without anybodys’ help.

  16. sudesh 4 October 2013 at 5:36 PM #

    no one should forget the fact that not only sikkim and darjeeling but also dehradoon and shimla also belongs to nepal legally. Its because of the extensionist country which claims itself to be largest democracy that those lands are not in the nepalese teritory. Just practising parliamentery system does not make a country democracy.
    and those who claims gorkhas to be immigrants it should be kept in mind that not gorkhas but the indians living in darjerling and sikkim are illegal the presence of ind gov there is illigal because those land belong to nepal.
    its not the nepalese who helped sikkim to annex in india but its because of the unfair and bad diplomacy of india. and in fact nepalese just hate india and those dhotis so there is no point that nepalese annexed sikkim in india.
    and now that india playing bad diplomatic game in nepal. but it wont last long. patience has also a limit. it has not been a long time since argo released isn’t it? people could be nepalese and the embassy could be indian in real if india didn’t stop interfering in nepalese politics.

  17. ANUP 6 October 2013 at 12:04 PM #

    Wow! Manoj; Suresh & Dikman;Good collective information;Do not get discouraged by those comments by those premature babies in the field of reasoning & logics & evidential apologetics;I wish you could ask the media to help to educate & expose the facts to the mass,It can help Harke & Roshan Giri to do more homework before holding talks &making the public fools

  18. puneet 12 March 2014 at 10:11 AM #

    It will be good to any region of w bengal to part itself from it,bongs are bhadralok and intelligent ppl,no doubt.but they suck at electing politicians,for a long time they have been voting muslim appeasers.even after witnessing violence against hindus in deganga,they will vote for ‘secular’.so any area planning on parting from w bengal,do it ASAP,w bengal is a lost cause,soon it’s going to become another Bangladesh.

  19. shyamkrishna adhikari 27 March 2014 at 3:01 PM #

    The sugauli treaty was signe on 2 december 1815 between Nepal and Britan,due to the result of Anglo-Nepales war.Hear war and treaty both are done in between Nepal and Britan .Now the sugauli treaty was damaged by the treaty of 1950 of nepal and india,also the treaty was damaged by britan.so the lost land by sugauli treaty is must be return back to nepal.There is no right for india to keep our land.

  20. A.K.Samanta 25 October 2014 at 7:35 PM #

    Nepal conquered Darjeeling from Sikkim, Dehradun and adjacent areas from British India. The British Government recovered them within thirty years. From 1780 to 1814 the areas were under Nepal. That does not give even the right of conquest over these lands to Nepal.
    Secondly when the areas were recovered there was no Nepalis either in Darjeeling or in the plains
    or in Dehradun. In 1835 when the British purchased Darjeeling hills from Sikkim Raj, there was no Nepali in Darjeeling area. It was a Lepcha land.Almost all the names of the places are in Lepcha language.Thereafter the “push factor” of poverty brought the Nepalis in large number to Darjeeling and the entire North East.Sikkim’s ethnic balance was lost because of flood of Nepali migration.Bhutan however could restore the ethnic balance by persuing a firm policy.
    So it appears that the Nepalis are migrants and that too fairly recent migrants in search of livelihood. They have no justifiable claim on the area.

  21. Gorkha 2 November 2014 at 8:37 AM #

    Yes, thats right. We should not get diverted from our only motive. And we’ve to stop calling ourselves as nepali b’coz i see, most of the time during introduction to new people of different communities our people just says Nepali as their community and they directly point us to Nepal and sets an image of immigrants. We should be very clear about our nationality is Indian, community is Gorkha and then comes our religion. Nepali is the one who is the citizen of nepal, community could be anything bihari, muslim, punjabi etc (no offence) and then religion as hindu, islam, sikh. Just let me know if i’m wrong. I’m from Siliguri and recently residing in Nagaland for personnel reasons. When I say to them I’m going home they just says NEPAL. It hurts to know that i’m a foreigner atleast in their visions.
    It’s a long way to go but lets hope for the best and in needed lets contribute some effort.

  22. Dr.kalidas sarma 9 March 2015 at 12:35 PM #

    Going through this writing have added me in some extent on “Historical perspective on Gorkhaland” Demand. I am too anxious to know the fact.

  23. shiwath rai 14 March 2015 at 9:38 PM #

    “We want gorkhaland”
    Some over smart people against gorkhaland who has copie d and pasted the data are the most silly people born over a decade .Inspite of the fact that GORKHALAND IS constitutionally right ,some ignorant people are just chattering the fulliestfor those type of person I just want to say is that
    “KEEP CALM AND SEE GORKHALAND BEING TRUE!”

  24. vishal 13 April 2015 at 10:04 AM #

    It’s about privileged we will get after a statehood..when our soldier will die in battle field they will count as soldier not as mercenaries…..jai

  25. biswas 9 May 2015 at 1:22 AM #

    The Gorkhaland claim is based on concocted history made up by GNLF leaders in order to lay claims on land of the lepchas and Coch Rajbongshis

    1)The land of Darjeeling was actually conquered from Sikkim the land of Bhutias and Lepchas in 1770s

    2)Gorkhas had to face defeat 17 times under lepcha general Chyok Thup Barphongpa (who had even allied with the Limbus in their fight against the Gorkhas) before conquering darjeeling

    3)Gorkha occupation in Darjeeling lasted only for 40 years which did not see a influx of Nepalese immigrants during this period.
    Infact Tamangs , Rais , Limbus migrated to the Area because of the atrocities committed on them by the gurkhas nd not as apart of the raiding armies

    4)Gorkha Army never got the oppurtunity to cross the Teesta river and overrun the dooars as they got crushed by the British.
    Therefore their claims over dooar lands ,which were under bhootan at that time, are baseless.The land infact belongs to the Coch Rajbongshis not Gorkhas

    5)Apart from the distress migration from nepal due to Gorkha oppression, a large part of the present day nepalese came as migrant laborers to work in the tea estates of darjeeling and dooars which was carved out by throwing out the lepchas and cooch rajbongshis..

    Gorkhaland movement is basically based on distorted history which has suppressed the voices of the indigenous people,thanks to the constitutional safeguards these indigenous people have been able to survive this cultural genocide by gorkhas…

    Gorkhas talk about creating an identity for themselves yet they do so by suppressing the identities of others

  26. imran 18 May 2015 at 2:56 PM #

    Wow, the ridiculous nature of this article and of the Gorkhaland Movement is beyond belief.

    Gorkha is another name for Nepali. Their language Gorkhali is referred to as Nepali as they now rule over the rest of Nepal (which is 56% non Gorkhali or Nepali). Native inhabitants there are Newark in the centre. Limbus, Sherpas etc in the east and north. Bengalis in the southwest and Maithilis in the South (the Terai that the Nepalis stole).

    Eastern Nepal does not belong to them and was overrun by the Gorkhas/Nepalis of the West the same time they overran Darjeeling and Sikkim. That region consists of natives Lepchas, Bhutias, Limbus, Bengalis and Maithils. They should separate and join India.

    As for Darjeeling you invaders were there for 35 years and you got kicked out. You think that provides with you a claim?. All the Nepalis came from around 1900 onwards and they recently found that a huge number of Nepalis in Darjeeling came post independence illegally. These people are inciting the violence and are the ones who have the nerve to say Bengalis are outsiders.

    The Bengalis came around 1900 yo the hills too under the British. They are in their land. Nepalis are immigrants from another country. They need to leave and let the Lepcha, Bhutia and Bengali people live in peace from thieves like them.

  27. k.k. khambu 29 May 2015 at 9:51 AM #

    After I go through everybody’s comment one should know that gorkha should b granted gorkhaland immediately. Thanks.

  28. gurung 14 August 2015 at 10:05 PM #

    DIKMAN………U very INTELLIGENT########

  29. Jogen Darnal 2 September 2015 at 6:25 PM #

    Manoj Giri,

    Congratulation for you wonderful work!!

  30. Florence 7 September 2015 at 8:53 AM #

    Wow! Makes me laugh. Hey fellow biharis and bengalis,lets go to nepal (which we wont coz we r happy here) and say that we r gengalis or giharis and ask for gengaliland or gihariland. And for Nepalese, i mean gorkhaz, history starts at 1770s and beyond tht nothing existed. They occupied for 4 decades is wht is substantial. And calling indians dhotis is as good as calling nepalis smelly bamboo curry or gundruks whatever they call it. Still they want to be in india!! Give us a break nepalilanders!!

  31. Kirati Khamburai 27 October 2015 at 5:03 PM #

    @Darjeeling and Florence: You all seem to be quite vocal about the background of the Nepalis, who they are and where they belong. First of all, isn’t 3 and a half centuries more than enough for the Nepalis to prove that they belong to the place where they are right now?? If Parsism Mughals and Nizams can migrate from the far west and can be considered as Indian with nobody ever pointing fingers at them,they why only spill venom against the Nepalis??? Fine, they might have immigrated earlier than the Nepalis but 3 and a half centuries or 10 centuries, how does it really matter until and unless one ceases to be a human as migration and immigration is one of the basic trait of humans as a species.

  32. […] a demand of Nepalese minorities in India but possess herself in the internal matter of Nepal.* * * But Nepal never raises the concern about the demand of Nepalese minorities in India. […]


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